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commit f83606f5eb007adc33bc8541ede00590f477bdeb
parent ae596de1a0c8c2c924dc99d23c026259372ab234
Author: KJ Tsanaktsidis <ktsanaktsidis@zendesk.com>
Date:   Thu, 20 Sep 2018 12:22:25 -0700

fork: report pid exhaustion correctly

Make the clone and fork syscalls return EAGAIN when the limit on the
number of pids /proc/sys/kernel/pid_max is exceeded.

Currently, when the pid_max limit is exceeded, the kernel will return
ENOSPC from the fork and clone syscalls.  This is contrary to the
documented behaviour, which explicitly calls out the pid_max case as one
where EAGAIN should be returned.  It also leads to really confusing error
messages in userspace programs which will complain about a lack of disk
space when they fail to create processes/threads for this reason.

This error is being returned because alloc_pid() uses the idr api to find
a new pid; when there are none available, idr_alloc_cyclic() returns
-ENOSPC, and this is being propagated back to userspace.

This behaviour has been broken before, and was explicitly fixed in
commit 35f71bc0a09a ("fork: report pid reservation failure properly"),
so I think -EAGAIN is definitely the right thing to return in this case.
The current behaviour change dates from commit 95846ecf9dac ("pid:
replace pid bitmap implementation with IDR AIP") and was I believe

This patch has no impact on the case where allocating a pid fails because
the child reaper for the namespace is dead; that case will still return

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180903111016.46461-1-ktsanaktsidis@zendesk.com
Fixes: 95846ecf9dac ("pid: replace pid bitmap implementation with IDR AIP")
Signed-off-by: KJ Tsanaktsidis <ktsanaktsidis@zendesk.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Gargi Sharma <gs051095@gmail.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

Mkernel/pid.c | 2+-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/pid.c b/kernel/pid.c @@ -195,7 +195,7 @@ struct pid *alloc_pid(struct pid_namespace *ns) idr_preload_end(); if (nr < 0) { - retval = nr; + retval = (nr == -ENOSPC) ? -EAGAIN : nr; goto out_free; }