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commit f91f2ee54a21404fbc633550e99d69d14c2478f2
parent f261c4e529dac5608a604d3dd3ae1cd2adf23c89
Author: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Date:   Fri, 15 Mar 2019 12:00:45 -0700

Merge branch 'akpm' (rest of patches from Andrew)

Merge the left-over patches from Andrew Morton.

This merges the remaining two patches from Andrew's pile of "little bit
more MM".  I mulled it over, and we emailed back and forth with Josef,
and he pointed out where I was wrong.

Rule #51 of kernel maintenance: when somebody makes it clear that they
know the code better than you did, stop arguing and just apply the damn
patch.

Add a third patch by me to add a comment for the case that I had thought
was buggy and Josef corrected me on.

* emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>:
  filemap: add a comment about FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT behavior
  filemap: drop the mmap_sem for all blocking operations
  filemap: kill page_cache_read usage in filemap_fault

Diffstat:
Minclude/linux/pagemap.h | 1+
Mmm/filemap.c | 202+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------------------
2 files changed, 131 insertions(+), 72 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/pagemap.h b/include/linux/pagemap.h @@ -239,6 +239,7 @@ pgoff_t page_cache_prev_miss(struct address_space *mapping, #define FGP_WRITE 0x00000008 #define FGP_NOFS 0x00000010 #define FGP_NOWAIT 0x00000020 +#define FGP_FOR_MMAP 0x00000040 struct page *pagecache_get_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset, int fgp_flags, gfp_t cache_gfp_mask); diff --git a/mm/filemap.c b/mm/filemap.c @@ -1587,6 +1587,9 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_lock_entry); * @gfp_mask and added to the page cache and the VM's LRU * list. The page is returned locked and with an increased * refcount. + * - FGP_FOR_MMAP: Similar to FGP_CREAT, only we want to allow the caller to do + * its own locking dance if the page is already in cache, or unlock the page + * before returning if we had to add the page to pagecache. * * If FGP_LOCK or FGP_CREAT are specified then the function may sleep even * if the GFP flags specified for FGP_CREAT are atomic. @@ -1641,7 +1644,7 @@ no_page: if (!page) return NULL; - if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!(fgp_flags & FGP_LOCK))) + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!(fgp_flags & (FGP_LOCK | FGP_FOR_MMAP)))) fgp_flags |= FGP_LOCK; /* Init accessed so avoid atomic mark_page_accessed later */ @@ -1655,6 +1658,13 @@ no_page: if (err == -EEXIST) goto repeat; } + + /* + * add_to_page_cache_lru locks the page, and for mmap we expect + * an unlocked page. + */ + if (page && (fgp_flags & FGP_FOR_MMAP)) + unlock_page(page); } return page; @@ -2379,64 +2389,98 @@ out: EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_read_iter); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU -/** - * page_cache_read - adds requested page to the page cache if not already there - * @file: file to read - * @offset: page index - * @gfp_mask: memory allocation flags - * - * This adds the requested page to the page cache if it isn't already there, - * and schedules an I/O to read in its contents from disk. - * - * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. - */ -static int page_cache_read(struct file *file, pgoff_t offset, gfp_t gfp_mask) +#define MMAP_LOTSAMISS (100) +static struct file *maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(struct vm_fault *vmf, + struct file *fpin) { - struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; - struct page *page; - int ret; + int flags = vmf->flags; - do { - page = __page_cache_alloc(gfp_mask); - if (!page) - return -ENOMEM; + if (fpin) + return fpin; - ret = add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, offset, gfp_mask); - if (ret == 0) - ret = mapping->a_ops->readpage(file, page); - else if (ret == -EEXIST) - ret = 0; /* losing race to add is OK */ + /* + * FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT means we don't want to wait on page locks or + * anything, so we only pin the file and drop the mmap_sem if only + * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY is set. + */ + if ((flags & (FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT)) == + FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) { + fpin = get_file(vmf->vma->vm_file); + up_read(&vmf->vma->vm_mm->mmap_sem); + } + return fpin; +} - put_page(page); +/* + * lock_page_maybe_drop_mmap - lock the page, possibly dropping the mmap_sem + * @vmf - the vm_fault for this fault. + * @page - the page to lock. + * @fpin - the pointer to the file we may pin (or is already pinned). + * + * This works similar to lock_page_or_retry in that it can drop the mmap_sem. + * It differs in that it actually returns the page locked if it returns 1 and 0 + * if it couldn't lock the page. If we did have to drop the mmap_sem then fpin + * will point to the pinned file and needs to be fput()'ed at a later point. + */ +static int lock_page_maybe_drop_mmap(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page, + struct file **fpin) +{ + if (trylock_page(page)) + return 1; - } while (ret == AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE); + /* + * NOTE! This will make us return with VM_FAULT_RETRY, but with + * the mmap_sem still held. That's how FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT + * is supposed to work. We have way too many special cases.. + */ + if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT) + return 0; - return ret; + *fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, *fpin); + if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE) { + if (__lock_page_killable(page)) { + /* + * We didn't have the right flags to drop the mmap_sem, + * but all fault_handlers only check for fatal signals + * if we return VM_FAULT_RETRY, so we need to drop the + * mmap_sem here and return 0 if we don't have a fpin. + */ + if (*fpin == NULL) + up_read(&vmf->vma->vm_mm->mmap_sem); + return 0; + } + } else + __lock_page(page); + return 1; } -#define MMAP_LOTSAMISS (100) /* - * Synchronous readahead happens when we don't even find - * a page in the page cache at all. + * Synchronous readahead happens when we don't even find a page in the page + * cache at all. We don't want to perform IO under the mmap sem, so if we have + * to drop the mmap sem we return the file that was pinned in order for us to do + * that. If we didn't pin a file then we return NULL. The file that is + * returned needs to be fput()'ed when we're done with it. */ -static void do_sync_mmap_readahead(struct vm_fault *vmf) +static struct file *do_sync_mmap_readahead(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct file *file = vmf->vma->vm_file; struct file_ra_state *ra = &file->f_ra; struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; + struct file *fpin = NULL; pgoff_t offset = vmf->pgoff; /* If we don't want any read-ahead, don't bother */ if (vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_RAND_READ) - return; + return fpin; if (!ra->ra_pages) - return; + return fpin; if (vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ) { + fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, fpin); page_cache_sync_readahead(mapping, ra, file, offset, ra->ra_pages); - return; + return fpin; } /* Avoid banging the cache line if not needed */ @@ -2448,37 +2492,44 @@ static void do_sync_mmap_readahead(struct vm_fault *vmf) * stop bothering with read-ahead. It will only hurt. */ if (ra->mmap_miss > MMAP_LOTSAMISS) - return; + return fpin; /* * mmap read-around */ + fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, fpin); ra->start = max_t(long, 0, offset - ra->ra_pages / 2); ra->size = ra->ra_pages; ra->async_size = ra->ra_pages / 4; ra_submit(ra, mapping, file); + return fpin; } /* * Asynchronous readahead happens when we find the page and PG_readahead, - * so we want to possibly extend the readahead further.. + * so we want to possibly extend the readahead further. We return the file that + * was pinned if we have to drop the mmap_sem in order to do IO. */ -static void do_async_mmap_readahead(struct vm_fault *vmf, - struct page *page) +static struct file *do_async_mmap_readahead(struct vm_fault *vmf, + struct page *page) { struct file *file = vmf->vma->vm_file; struct file_ra_state *ra = &file->f_ra; struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; + struct file *fpin = NULL; pgoff_t offset = vmf->pgoff; /* If we don't want any read-ahead, don't bother */ if (vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_RAND_READ) - return; + return fpin; if (ra->mmap_miss > 0) ra->mmap_miss--; - if (PageReadahead(page)) + if (PageReadahead(page)) { + fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, fpin); page_cache_async_readahead(mapping, ra, file, page, offset, ra->ra_pages); + } + return fpin; } /** @@ -2510,6 +2561,7 @@ vm_fault_t filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { int error; struct file *file = vmf->vma->vm_file; + struct file *fpin = NULL; struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; struct file_ra_state *ra = &file->f_ra; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; @@ -2531,23 +2583,26 @@ vm_fault_t filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) * We found the page, so try async readahead before * waiting for the lock. */ - do_async_mmap_readahead(vmf, page); + fpin = do_async_mmap_readahead(vmf, page); } else if (!page) { /* No page in the page cache at all */ - do_sync_mmap_readahead(vmf); count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vmf->vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT); ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR; + fpin = do_sync_mmap_readahead(vmf); retry_find: - page = find_get_page(mapping, offset); - if (!page) - goto no_cached_page; + page = pagecache_get_page(mapping, offset, + FGP_CREAT|FGP_FOR_MMAP, + vmf->gfp_mask); + if (!page) { + if (fpin) + goto out_retry; + return vmf_error(-ENOMEM); + } } - if (!lock_page_or_retry(page, vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->flags)) { - put_page(page); - return ret | VM_FAULT_RETRY; - } + if (!lock_page_maybe_drop_mmap(vmf, page, &fpin)) + goto out_retry; /* Did it get truncated? */ if (unlikely(page->mapping != mapping)) { @@ -2565,6 +2620,16 @@ retry_find: goto page_not_uptodate; /* + * We've made it this far and we had to drop our mmap_sem, now is the + * time to return to the upper layer and have it re-find the vma and + * redo the fault. + */ + if (fpin) { + unlock_page(page); + goto out_retry; + } + + /* * Found the page and have a reference on it. * We must recheck i_size under page lock. */ @@ -2578,28 +2643,6 @@ retry_find: vmf->page = page; return ret | VM_FAULT_LOCKED; -no_cached_page: - /* - * We're only likely to ever get here if MADV_RANDOM is in - * effect. - */ - error = page_cache_read(file, offset, vmf->gfp_mask); - - /* - * The page we want has now been added to the page cache. - * In the unlikely event that someone removed it in the - * meantime, we'll just come back here and read it again. - */ - if (error >= 0) - goto retry_find; - - /* - * An error return from page_cache_read can result if the - * system is low on memory, or a problem occurs while trying - * to schedule I/O. - */ - return vmf_error(error); - page_not_uptodate: /* * Umm, take care of errors if the page isn't up-to-date. @@ -2608,12 +2651,15 @@ page_not_uptodate: * and we need to check for errors. */ ClearPageError(page); + fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, fpin); error = mapping->a_ops->readpage(file, page); if (!error) { wait_on_page_locked(page); if (!PageUptodate(page)) error = -EIO; } + if (fpin) + goto out_retry; put_page(page); if (!error || error == AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE) @@ -2622,6 +2668,18 @@ page_not_uptodate: /* Things didn't work out. Return zero to tell the mm layer so. */ shrink_readahead_size_eio(file, ra); return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; + +out_retry: + /* + * We dropped the mmap_sem, we need to return to the fault handler to + * re-find the vma and come back and find our hopefully still populated + * page. + */ + if (page) + put_page(page); + if (fpin) + fput(fpin); + return ret | VM_FAULT_RETRY; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fault);